Mode écran


Mode tablette


Mode mobile


Mode print



Peau et pelage


Peau et pelage

13.14 The structure of the skin and hair

Your dog’s skin is in many ways similar to yours! This elastic and waterproof layer acts as a barrier. It protects the body from external aggressions (pollutants, bacteria(?), microbes) and protects the internal environment from dehydration. It also contributes, with the coat, to regulate internal temperature. It contains numerous nerve endings, thanks to which it is also considered a sense organ. Finally, contrary to our skin’s pH(?), which is slightly acidic, a dog’s skin has neutral pH(?). That is one of the reasons why we cannot use the same washes.

Skin is made up of three layers:

  • A superficial layer: the epidermis
  • An intermediate layer: the dermis
  • A deep layer: the hypodermis

It is in the dermis and hypodermis that the skin appendage is located:

  • The sebaceous glands that secrete sebum(?), a hydrolipidic(?) film that protects the epidermis
  • The hair follicles, that produce the hair. These follicles are linked to the sebaceous glands
  • Sweat glands, that are responsible for the production of sweat. They are not very important in dogs


The hair is born from a hair follicle. The emerged part of the hair is made up of keratin(?). That part is called the shaft. Once the hair reaches its normal length, it stays put for a time before dying, and eventually falling off. Each hair follicle has its own cycle, which means the life expectancy of each hair is different and that coat renews itself progressively and constantly over the entire body. This process may be accentuated, depending on your companion’s lifestyle and hair type, in the spring and in autumn. This is what is called seasonal moulting(?).


That you ask yourself about your companion

13.1 Why is it important to brush and bathe my dog?

13.2 When and how regularly should I wash and brush my dog?

13.3 How to brush my dog?

13.4 I’m not able to brush my dog, what should I do?

13.5 How to bathe my dog?

13.6 My dog is afraid of water; how can I wash it?

13.7 My dog is losing its hair

13.8 How can I make my dog’s coat shinier?

13.9 The contours of my white dog’s eyes are brown

13.10 The hair on my white dog’s legs is brown

13.11 My dog has dandruff

13.12 How to choose my dog's shampoo?

13.13 When should I see my veterinarian?

MP LABO recommends

The following products


Foaming cleansing solution for regular washing of all types of cat and dog coats. 


Foaming cleansing and moisturizing solution for cats and dogs.



Foaming cleansing and moisturizing solution conceived for regular cat and dog washing.


Conditioning Shampoo

Mallow flower extract Conditioning Shampoo 

CLX pocket


Zincoseb spray

Ermidra mousse