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Skin and coat


Skin and coat

12.14 The structure of the skin and coat

Your cat’s skin is in many ways similar to yours! This elastic and waterproof layer acts as a barrier. It protects the body from external aggressions (pollutants, bacteria(?), microbes) and protects the internal environment from dehydration. It also contributes, with the coat, to regulate internal temperature. It contains numerous nerve endings, thanks to which it is also considered a sense organ. Finally, contrary to our skin’s pH(?), which is slightly acidic, a cat’s skin has neutral pH(?). That is one of the reasons why we cannot use the same washes.

Skin is made up of three layers:

  • A superficial layer: the epidermis
  • An intermediate layer: the dermis
  • A deep layer: the hypodermis

It is in the dermis and hypodermis that the skin appendage is located:

  • The sebaceous glands that secrete sebum(?), a hydrolipidic(?) film that protects the epidermis
  • The hair follicles, that produce the hair. These follicles are linked to the sebaceous glands
  • Sweat glands, that are responsible for the production of sweat. They are not very important in cats

The hair is born from a hair follicle. The emerged part of the hair is made up of keratin(?). That part is called the shaft. Once the hair reaches its normal length, it stays put for a time before dying, and eventually falling off.  Each hair follicle has its own cycle, which means the life expectancy of each hair is different and that cat renews itself progressively and constantly over the entire body. This process may be accentuated, depending on the cat’s lifestyle and hair type, in the spring and in autumn. This is what is called seasonal moulting(?).



That you ask yourself about your companion

12.1 Why is it important to look after my cat’s skin and coat?

12.2 When and how regularly should I wash and brush my cat?

12.3 How to brush my cat?

12.4 I'm not able to brush my cat, what should I do?

12.5 How to bathe my cat?

12.6 My cat is losing its hair

12.7 How do I make my cat’s coat shinier?

12.8 The contours of my white cat's eyes are brown

12.9 My cat licks its belly and is missing a lot of fur

12.10 My cat has stopped grooming itself

12.11 My cat has dandruff

12.12 How to choose its shampoo?

12.13 When should I see my veterinarian?

MP LABO recommends

The following products


Foaming cleansing and moisturizing solution conceived for regular cat and dog washing.



Foaming cleansing and moisturizing solution for cats and dogs.



Foaming cleansing solution for regular washing of all types of cat and dog coats. 

Conditioning Shampoo

Mallow flower extract Conditioning Shampoo 

Conditioning hair spray

Shea butter conditioning hair spray


CLX pocket

Zincoseb spray

Ermidra mousse