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Mobility disorders

Questions

Mobility disorders

18.3 Structure of a joint


A joint(?) is a junction between two bones: it enables them to move them in coordination.


 

Normal joint(?):

Bone

Muscle: Stabilizes the joint(?) and helps with movement. 

Tendon: Links a muscle to a bone.  

Ligament: Links two bones within a joint(?) and stabilizes the joint(?)

Cartilage: Favours the sliding of bone against one another and thus enables movement. Absorbs shocks. 

Subchondral bone (= under the cartilage(?)): Il serves as a shock-absorber and assists in the nutrition of the cartilage(?).

Joint space: Full of synovial fluids, it enables movement.

Meniscus: Allow two bones of different shapes to adjust, it facilitates movement and stabilizes the joint(?)

Capsule: Delimits the joint(?) and contributes to its stabilization.

Synovial membrane: Produces synovial fluids.

Synovial fluids: Nourrish cartilage(?) and lubrify the joint(?).


 

Joint with arthritis

Osteophyte: Bony outgrowth that forms inside unstable joints(?)

Erosion zone: Results from the imbalance between synthesis and deterioration of cartilage(?) and of the subchondral bone. 


 

Le cartilage

Cartilage is for the most part made up of water, cells (chondrocytes) and of a collagen structure and of  proteoglycans (proteins(?), GAGs(?) and hyaluronic acid).

Questions

That you ask yourself about your companion

18.1 Why does my cat climb or jump less than before?


18.2 What is osteoarthritis?


18.2.1 How does osteoarthritis evolve over time?


18.4 When should I see my veterinarian?


18.5 What can I do to prevent and attenuate my cat's joint pains?


MP LABO recommends

The following products

Cartimax mini

Complementary feed to support joint metabolism in small dogs and cats

 


Glycosane

Glycosaminoglycans and type II collagen complementary feed